The SAT (Scholastic Assessment Test) is an internationally-standardized test widely used for undergraduate college admissions in the United States and a few other countries. The test is intended to assess students' readiness for college.
The SAT has two main sections - Evidence-Based Reading & Writing (EBRW, also known as the "English" portion of the test) and the Math section. These two sections are further broken down into four sections - Reading, Writing & Language, Math (no calculator), and Math (calculator allowed). The test-taker is optionally able to write an essay, in which case, is the fifth test section. The total time for the scored portion of the SAT is 03:00 hours (or 03:50 Hrs if the optional essay section is taken, which gets an additional 50 minutes). Some Universities/Colleges may require the Essay test to be taken; so be sure to check it before you take the SAT. Students usually take this test in their junior / senior year of high school, on any of seven annual testing dates and at hundreds of exam centers around the United States and worldwide.
The SAT is intended to measure literacy, writing and numeracy skills needed for academic success in college education. Its creators state that the SAT assesses how well the test-takers analyze and solve problems, using the skills they learned in school, which they would need in college. The test is conducted under a tight time frame to help produce a range of scores. Scores on the SAT range from 400 to 1600, combining test results from two 200-to-800-point sections - the Mathematics section and the Evidence-Based Reading & Writing section. The essay, if taken, would be scored separately from the two section scores. The SAT costs USD55.00, excluding late fees, with additional processing fees if it is taken outside the United States.